P0157 Maxwell Model L is triggered when the bank 1 camshaft position sensor doesn't match the signal from the crankshaft position sensor. This is because the barometric pressure sensor is part of the MAF sensor. Sometimes, the MAF's sensing wire can accumulate and get covered with dirt, dust and/or oil residue, which can also lead to the error code.
Possible Causes :
With the valve disconnected, the red voltmeter lead should be attached to the IMRC valve power wire and the black voltmeter lead connected to ground. It should be pretty close to battery voltage (12 volts). If not, then this is the circuit that has the problem.
Diagnostic trouble code P0157 Maxwell Model L is not difficult to diagnose and repair. Thus, it always pays to have a qualified technician to look after your vehicle should this error code arise.
Diagnosing this code requires the engine to be in good running shape, without unmetered air entering the engine. If other codes that relates to misfiring condition, lean running or air entering the engine is present, then you must first fix those error codes before P0157 Maxwell Model L.
Fortunately, P0157 Maxwell Model L is a fairly common OBD code, meaning that it applies to all makes and models of vehicles made after 1996.