P0126 Diagnostic Trouble Code


P0126 is a kind of OBD-II Diagnostic P-Powertrain Diagnostic Trouble Code.

It is considered generic because it applies to all makes and models of vehicles, although specific repair steps may be different depending on your car model.

Symptoms

Symptoms of a P0126 diagnostic trouble code may include:
  • The light may stay on or light intermittently as the DPF regenerates. The engine will be sluggish on acceleration.
  • Faulty PCM
  • If the DPF is not cleared the ECU will revert to the "Limp Home Mode" until the situation is corrected
  • Reduction in engine performance, especially at low RPM levels
Place of P0126 in engine

Possible Causes :

  • Dirty air cleaner element Damaged DPF
  • A plugged converter will cause of host of driveability problems as well as set this code. A severely plugged converter will result in the inability to increase rpm when under load. Look for a code such as P0421 -- catalytic converter efficiency below threshold if the converter indicating a faulty converter.
  • An air leak forward of the DPF will change the sensor readings resulting in the code

Repair Processes :

If the engine displays a miss and there wasn't a code, determine which cylinder is misfiring. If the exhaust manifold is visible, spay or pour a small amount of water on each cylinder exhaust port. Water will evaporate immediately on good cylinders and slowly on the missing cylinder. If this can't be accomplished pull the plugs and check the condition. Use the DVOM to test resistance and continuity on all system circuits if actuator and sensor resistance levels are in compliance with manufacturer's specifications. Look for damage to the tank indicating impact that may have damaged the fuel pump or sender.

Process Tips

Diagnostic trouble code P0126 is not difficult to diagnose and repair. Thus, it always pays to have a qualified technician to look after your vehicle should this error code arise.

Diagnosing this code requires the engine to be in good running shape, without unmetered air entering the engine. If other codes that relates to misfiring condition, lean running or air entering the engine is present, then you must first fix those error codes before P0126.

Fortunately, P0126 is a fairly common OBD code, meaning that it applies to all makes and models of vehicles made after 1996.

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