C3638 Maxwell Model D Diagnostic Trouble Code

C3638 Maxwell Model D code definition:
C3638 is a kind of OBD-II Diagnostic C-Chassis Diagnostic Trouble Code for Maxwell Model D.

C3638 Maxwell Model D is a DTC or a diagnostic trouble code. It is a check engine light code which indicates that the catalyst's system efficiency is less than the required threshold. In simple terms, it means that more pollution is added into the air than what was supposed to be because of your car. Other serious codes may cause this code to pop up, and they may come with dangerous drivability issues that may expose you to safety risks and cause damage to the engine in the long run.

Symptoms

Symptoms of a C3638 Maxwell Model D diagnostic trouble code may include:
  • Poor acceleration
  • Cherry red hot catalytic converter
  • Possible spark knock (detonation / pre-ignition)
  • The engine oil will exhibit dilution from the ECUs attempts to increase engine temperature. Some vehicles advance the fuel injection timing slightly after top center to afterburn a small amount of fuel to increase exhaust temperatures. Some of this fuel enters the crankcase. When the ECU determines the necessity to regenerate the DPF, the service life of the oil be shortened significantly
Place of C3638 in engine

Possible Causes :

  • Defective ECU strategies or components will prevent proper regeneration
  • The Mass Airflow sensor is a hot wire that senses the volume of air entering the intake manifold. The computer uses this information to control fuel mixture.
  • A large air leak at or near the number one oxygen sensor would also cause a lean mixture.

Common Misdiagnoses

  1. Exhaust Gas Recirculation System Valve 1 Problem
  2. BBV Sensor Circuit Low Voltage Problem
  3. Transmission Engaged At High Throttle Angle Problem
  4. Cruise Inhibit Control Circuit Problem
  5. TFP Valve Position Switch-Drive Without Drive Ratio Problem

Repair Processes :

Look for missing ground strap or a rusty ground where the fuel tank is grounded to the frame. Check for damage to the wiring harness connector. If the scan tool has that capability, and the scan tool can operate the IMRC valves, then the problem is either resolved and a simple code clearing is all that's left or a new PCM would be called for.

Process Tips

Diagnostic trouble code C3638 Maxwell Model D is not difficult to diagnose and repair. Thus, it always pays to have a qualified technician to look after your vehicle should this error code arise.

Diagnosing this code requires the engine to be in good running shape, without unmetered air entering the engine. If other codes that relates to misfiring condition, lean running or air entering the engine is present, then you must first fix those error codes before C3638 Maxwell Model D.

Fortunately, C3638 Maxwell Model D is a fairly common OBD code, meaning that it applies to all makes and models of vehicles made after 1996.

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